Industrial Components

Tribobond™ 66

Technical data

Material AI
Technology PVD/PACVD
Thickness range [µm] 1 - 30μm
Nanohardness, HV 0.005 n/a
Friction vs. Steel n/a
Service Temperature 300°C
Process Temperature <200°C
Color Silver
Application Reference Corrosion resistance
Industrial Components
Microsection Tribobond 01

Tribobond™ 01

Traditional coating for a wide range of component application

Tribobond™ 01 TiN is arguably the oldest and most popular of PVD coatings. Aesthetically pleasing gold color and excellent mechanical properties al-lowed this coating to become an ultimate general purpose coating across a very wide range of applications and industries.

Tribobond™ 01 TiN  effectively  protects  against  abrasive  wear,  galling  and  fretting and is widely used on many components of industrial machinery. Due to its characteristic yellow color Tribobond™ 01 sometimes is used a wear indicating film.

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Industrial Components
Microsection Tribobond 15

Tribobond™ 15

Wear resistance coating for high temperature applications

Ionbond’s Tribobond™ 15 TiAlCrN coating possesses an impressive combination of properties; high hardness, excellent toughness and high impact fatigue wear resistance. Tribobond™ 15 also features high temperature stability, which makes it an excellent candidate for high temperature applications such as parts of turbochargers, piston rings and titanium components like engine valves and other high temperature exposed parts.

Tribobond™ 15 TiAlCrN protects against abrasive, adhesive and erosion wear, fretting, galling  and at normal and elevated temperatures.

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Industrial Components
Microsection Tribobond 15

Tribobond™ 20

Wear resistance coating for high temperature applications

Ionbond’s Tribobond™  20 AlTiN coating is designed to provide wear and oxidation protection at temperatures of up to 850°C.  It possesses an impressive combination of properties: high hardness, excellent toughness and impact fatigue wear resistance. Despite its high hardness, Tribobond™ 20 is fairly ductile, which makes it a strong performer in hard particulate erosion applications (e.g. for protection of compressor blades of jet engines).

Other high temperature applications such as parts of turbochargers, piston rings or engine valves also benefit from the unique combination of Tribobond™ 20 properties.

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Industrial Components
Microsection Tribobond 30

Tribobond™ 30

High temperature resistant coating with excellent toughness

Tribobond™ 30 CrN has a good combination of properties; high hardness, excellent toughness, high wear and impact fatigue resistance. Tribobond™ 30 resists oxidation of up to 700ºC making it a good candidate for high temperature applications. It features a lower residual stress than many other coatings allowing the deposition of thicker layers. CrN can be deposited at low temperatures, which makes it irreplaceable for temperature-sensitive substrates. Tribobond™ 30 CrN is often used as an environmentally friendly replacement for electroplated hard chromium. It can be deposited directly onto the machined components and does not require grinding back to size. Tribobond™ 30 CrN protects against abrasive and adhesive wear, fatigue, oxidation and fretting.

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Industrial Components
Microsection Tribobond 31

Tribobond™ 31

Low stress wear resistant coating with smooth surface

Sub-stoichiometric Tribobond™ 31 Cr2N  features  lower  residual  stress  than  many  other  coatings from the Tribobond™ portfolio,  including CrN. Since the coating is produced by sputtering it generally features lower roughness than cathodic arc coatings. Crystalline structure of this coating allows for excellent polishing properties. Tribobond™ 31 Cr2N  also exhibits lower surface energy, making this coating more hydrophobic.

In general, Tribobond™ 31 Cr2N protects against abrasive and adhesive wear, impact fatigue, oxidation and fretting.

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Industrial Components
Ionbond Industrial Portrait

Tribobond™ 34

Wear resistant coating with a top oxide layer

Tribobond™ 34 CrON features standard CrN coating with a top layer of CrON. Presence of the oxide film on the surface adds additional functionalities to the coating. Among those are decreased affinity to non-metallic materials, like elastomeric seals and components, lower friction in certain lubricating conditions, anti-sticking and improved resistance to stick-slip phenomenon and certain corrosive environments.  
The main and oxide layers are produced in a single coating cycle, so there is no need for additional processing.

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Industrial Components
Microsection Tribobond 40

Tribobond™ 40

DLC-based coating for highly loaded industrial and automotive components

Ionbond’s Tribobond™ 40 DLC, also designated as a-C:H:W, is one of the widely used coatings for industrial and automotive components. It is essentially a DLC coating with dispersed nanoparticles of tungsten carbide (WC). The coating is specifically designed for applications with high contact loads in rolling and sliding contacts, such as gears and bearings. It combines excellent running-in properties with a good wear resistance and low friction. In addition, this coating reduces negative impacts of contact fatigue, common in cyclically loaded contacts.
For these reasons, Tribobond™ 40 DLC is a coating of choice on many transmission components in automotive and industrial applications.

Performance

Apart from high wear resistance and low friction, , Tribobond™ 40 DLC exhibits high load bearing capacity and the highest ductility in the Tribobond family of the DLC coatings. It also offers an excellent protection of the counterparts, which extends the lifetime of both components of the friction pair.

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Industrial Components
Piston Pin coating

Tribobond™ 41

DLC coating with superior sliding properties

Ionbond’s Tribobond™ 41 DLC a-C:H:W + a-C:H coating has been used for high volume automotive production for many years. It combines good running-in properties with a high wear resistance and very low friction. The coating is very well suited for pure sliding conditions in tribological contacts. Tribobond™ 41 exhibits excellent  performance on valve train (e.g. tappets) and crank train components (e.g. piston pin/ ring). State of the art common rail and unit injector components are protected with Tribobond™ 41 DLC in order to improve the robustness and lifetime of fuel pump and fuel injection systems. Apart from automotive, multiple components of industrial machinery benefit from Tribobond™ 41 DLC through reduction of wear and friction, thus extending their lifetime and maintenance intervals. The coating shines in particular in applications with marginal lubrication and high loads.

Performance

Ionbond’s Tribobond™ 41 DLC is applied on components in order to minimize friction losses in engines and engine subsystems, such as oil/water pumps, compressors, and power steering, in order to increase the efficiency and  reduce  the  fuel  consumption  in  transportation.  In industrial applications Tribobond™ 41 is widely used for wear applications in aerospace, oil and gas, power generation, racing and other industries.

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Industrial Components
Microsection Tribobond 42

Tribobond™ 42

DLC coating for highly loaded industrial components and high volume automotive applications

Ionbond’s Tribobond™ 42 DLC, CrN + a-C:H, coating is engineered for very highly loaded components. It combines a high load carrying capacity and fatigue  resistance  with  a  high  wear  resistance  and  still  exhibits  very  low  friction properties. Tribobond™ 42 DLC presents an excellent performance on valve train (e.g. tappets) and crank train components (e.g. piston pin/ring). State of the art common rail and unit injector components are protected with Tribobond™ 42 in order to improve the robustness and lifetime of fuel pump and fuel injection system. Apart from automotive, multiple components of industrial machinery benefit from Tribobond™ 42 through reduction of wear and friction, thus extending their lifetime and maintenance intervals. The coating shines in particular in applications with marginal lubrication and high loads.

Performance

Ionbond’s Tribobond™ 42 DLC is especially designed to run under combined rolling  and  sliding  situations.  It  combines  properties  of  extreme  fatigue  resistance, a very low coefficient of friction, and high wear resistance within one  coating  system.  In  operation,  this  coating  architecture  provides  ext-reme protection of the coated part, as well as the counterpart. In industrial applications Tribobond™ 42 is widely used for wear applications in aerospace, oil and gas, power generation, racing and other industries.

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Industrial Components
ADLC coated application

Tribobond™ 43

DLC coating for industrial components with unique properties

Ionbond’s Tribobond™ 43 DLC (a-C:H) is a pure DLC coating,  which is widely used for boosting performance of tools and various precision components. Depending on the application, this coating can be produced either with Cr or Si-based underlayers. In both cases Tribobond™ 43 provides outstanding wear protection and friction reduction, whereas Si-based underlayer also adds excellent corrosion protection. Tribobond™ 43 boasts extremely low surface roughness, making it suitable for coating highly polished surfaces. Further modifications of Tribobond™ 43 allow achieving customized surface functionalities, like hydrophobicity, electrical resistivity, improved temperature stability.

Performance

Hard and wear resistant Tribobond™ 43 DLC combines excellent tribological properties with extremely low surface roughness and chemical inertness. This combination of properties make Tribobond™ 43 DLC highly suitable for ultra-precision components, for example in the semiconductor industry. Its chemical inertness makes it non-reactive with any corrosive media and justifies its application in chemical pumps, medical components, etc. High elasticity of Tribobond™ 43 DLC makes it very suitable for applications with high dynamic loads.

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Industrial Components
Microsection Tribobond 46

Tribobond™ 46

DLC coating for highly loaded applications with rolling contacts

Ionbond’s Tribobond™ 46 DLC, CrN + a-C:H:W has a top layer similar to Tribobond™ 40; however it is deposited on CrN underlayer as opposed to pure Cr. T. High hardness of CrN and its load bearing capacity allows to provide additional support for the functional a-C:H:W layer and also to act as an backup wear resistant layer in case if a-C:H:W is worn out. As a result, Tribobond™ 46 can sustain even higher contact loads than Tribobond™ 40. Tribobond™ 46 film can be tuned to utilize the a-C:H:W  top layer as a running-in film, in which case CrN becomes the functional wear resistant layer. This results in a coating system that combines excellent running-in properties, a high load carrying capacity and fatigue resistance with a good wear resistance and a low co-efficient of friction.

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Industrial Components
Piston Pins coating service

Tribobond™ 48

Hydrogen-free DLC coating for high temperature applications

Tribobond™ 48 ta-C is a hydrogen-free DLC coating with an increased temperature resistance of up to 400 °C compared to 250 °C for hydrogenated DLC coatings. Typical applications thus include high-loaded mechanical components, which further benefits from the increased wear resistance and the reduced coefficient of friction of the coating. The coating also exhibits an improved wettability with oils, gasoline and diesel fuels. Tribobond™ 48 ta-C has been thoroughly tested on valve train (e.g. tappets) and crank train (e.g. piston pin / ring) components as well as injection systems and pumps, where it has shown to significantly improve the robustness and to increase the lifetime of the parts involved.

Performance

When combined with specifically formulated oils, Tribobond™ 48 ta-C reduces friction losses by a factor of 2, compared with hydrogenated DLC coatings lubricated with standard oils. Finally, the abrasive wear resistance of Tribobond™ 48 ta-C surpasses hydrogen-containing DLC coatings by a factor of fifty when used at temperatures above 200 °C, which makes it an ideal coating for components of high-loaded assemblies used at elevated temperatures.

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Industrial Components
Piston Pins coating service

Tribobond™ 55

Special coating for vacuum and dry environments

Tribobond™ 55 is a specialty coating, which was developed to address tribological applications in dry environments, such as dry gas or vacuum. Regular Diamond-Like-Carbon (DLC) coatings, like Tribobond™ 41/42/43 do not perform well in such conditions, since they need humidity to form a lubricating layer and reduce friction.

Tribobond™ 55 is specifically designed to overcome such limitation, which is achieved by modifying structure/composition of the functional DLC layer. This customized layer allows to maintain an extremely low coefficient of friction in most dry environments, thus helping to reduce wear.

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Industrial Components
Microsection Ionbond CVD IC

Ionbond™ CVD

Ionbond™ CVD Coatings for Components Applications

One of the limitations of the PVD and PACVD technologies is their inability to promote coatings into inner surfaces, like holes and cavities with high aspect ratio. This  shortcoming can be overcome by use of CVD technology, which allows coating of ID’s of virtually unlimited length and aspect ratio. High quality coatings such as TiN, TiCN, ZrN or Al2O3 can be produced on the ID’s of various geometry, size and length. Naturally, OD coatings are possible as well.

The CVD processing is especially friendly for austenitic (300 series) steels, which are unaffected by high temperature of the deposition process. Other materials may or may not need  re-heat treating after processing, depending on the application requirements and their composition.

In addition to the capability coat inner surfaces of components, Ionbond™ family of coating can provide effective solutions for protection against wear and corrosion. Notably, deposition of high quality alumina (Al2O3) coatings with high thickness by CVD processing is one of the most established ways to produce oxide films.

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